Outsourcing has become a trend in the work process, especially in the IT sector. Previously, all work related to manufacturing of products was done in-house within the company in various departments. However, it is expensive to install customized infrastructure and appoint specially trained staff for every kind of job within a company. Other smaller units can be solely dedicated to such jobs and they can work for several companies that require a similar product. The practice of appointing vendors for minor jobs started with this practice, gradually giving way to outsourcing. Outsourcing means getting a job done from an outside company, instead of doing it in-house. Vendors were appointed mainly for getting small parts of machinery or other physical products done from them. Outsourcing emerged as a broader term; today, there is outsourcing of entire processes called business process outsourcing (BPO). We also find Knowledge process outsourcing, human resource outsourcing and so on. Maximum outsourcing is practised in the IT sector, around 28% of total outsourcing. The latest trend is outsourcing of software services like CAD (computer aided design).
Business is all about earning profits. Various strategies are employed by businessmen to reduce costs and earn more profits. Outsourcing is one such strategy that has proved to be successful ever since it was introduced in the 1990s. If adopted with care and caution, it certainly achieves a number of advantages. The global economy has gained momentum since outsourcing became global.
Why outsource CAD services to India?
Most business functions are automated by using software in current times. Licensed and authentic software is expensive. Small and medium scale industries are not always able to purchase it. Employees have to be trained for using software and training costs have to be borne by the company. Hence, even giant business units sometimes prefer to outsource CAD services. Training employees also takes time. Investing in expensive software and maintaining a team of software experts round the year is not necessary if only a small part of the process can be handled with particular software.
There are IT companies that invest in software. They train a team to work professionally. They can work for other companies. With practice, they achieve perfection. When a major tedious part of business can be outsourced conveniently at reasonable costs, it is wiser to outsource software services. These are the reasons why outsourcing CAD services has become a thriving business in modern times.
A country that has a labor pool that is significantly more expensive than other countries prefers to outsource work. USA is at the top position in outsourcing. Other countries that follow are UK, Germany, France and Switzerland.
Among the countries which are chosen for outsourcing, India ranks first, followed by China, Malaysia, Philippines and Brazil. Microsoft and Oracle have their largest offshore software development centres in India.
The chief reason behind outsourcing is to reduce manufacturing costs. Hence only if it is feasible and indeed profitable to get a job done from outside, one should go for it. If it involves a lot of complications, if it is time consuming and costly, there is no point in outsourcing any task. One can choose onshore outsourcing or offshore outsourcing companies depending upon the goals of the company. The choice is also driven by many other factors.
The driving factors for outsourcing
One has to be very careful while choosing a partner for outsourcing business.
- Costs: Cost saving is an important motivator in outsourcing. A good deal of money can be saved by outsourcing work to skilled labour force at a low cost. The economic trends in the destination company play a vital role. “A lot of people focus on India for lower costs. What is remarkable in India is the calibre of the computer engineers. The cost savings were an additional benefit on top of that” said Larry Ellison, Founder and CEO, Oracle in an interview. Labour in Indian is quite cheap and even training costs are not very high. Indian people are intelligent and eager to learn. Since getting jobs is difficult in India, employees are prepared to work hard, work for many hours and contented with what they get. Complaining is not in their nature.
- Cross cultural compatibility: It is important to consider the culture of the country with which a company wants to partner. Cultural differences can lead to gaps in understanding. Culture-wise, Indian people are not very advanced; yet, they are good at heart and friendly. They are cooperative and helpful. Hence, India is a good choice for offshore outsourcing.
- Size of the company: many companies believe that big and well-established companies are the best for partnership. However, most big companies already have several clients. They may not be able to give full attention to a new client. On the contrary, small companies who need work value every new client. Entrepreneurs in India are anxious to collaborate with foreign countries. The current government encourage start-ups and digitization. Hence, even small companies perform well as partners in outsourcing.
- Communication: The communication system in the partnering company must be fool proof. Miscommunication or gaps in communication can be dangerous to both parties. Language can also be a problem. The accent of Indians is considerably neutral and not very difficult for foreigners to understand. India has a strong technological network. Hence, communication is easy and quick.
We can conclude that India is a wise choice for offshore outsourcing in every respect. In addition, the political background in India supports outsourcing ventures. Indian bankers and finance companies do not hesitate to provide financial support for outsourcing services because they are well aware of the promising enterprise of the project and the profits therein.
Accurate and precise technical designs, drawings and drafts are vital to the work of mechanical engineers, architects, and product designers and applicable to almost any type of work you can think of. Even perfume bottles are designed with the help of CAD software these days!! CAD software has come as a magic wand to designers and draftsmen who had to spend tedious hours, struggling with pencils and rulers to achieve the desired accuracy, which they never could do to perfection. CAD, like any other computer aided programmes, has all the benefits that come with computers.
CAD and its uses
CAD is also called CADD, indicating computer aided design and drafting. In electronic systems, it is known as Electronic Design Automation (ETA), in mechanical designing, it is called Mechanical Design Automation (MDA) or Computer Aided Drafting ( CAD), that is drafting and designing with the help of computers.
- CAD implies the use of computer in creation, modification, analysis and optimization of designs.
- It is used to increase the productivity of the designer
- It improves the quality of designs
- It improves communication through documentation
- It is used to create a database for manufacturing
- To create output in the form of electronic files for print, machining, or other manufacturing operations
CAD design features
- Mechanical designs in the form of vector graphics
- Raster graphics depicting overall appearance of objects
- Additional information about materials, processes, dimensions and tolerances according to application specific details
- Not just shapes but 2D and 3D effects
- Designing curves and figures, surfaces and solids
A wide range of utility
CAD is an industrial art. It is used in automotive, shipbuilding and aerospace industries. It finds enormous application in architectural designs and prosthetics. It is widely used in computer animation. It is sued for adding special effects in movies, in advertisements and technical manuals. CAD has been a major driving force for research in computational geometry, computer graphics (both hardware and software), and discrete differential geometry.
CAD played an important role in merging the work of designers, engineers and draftsmen without eliminating any of the departments. Besides its use in designing tools and machinery, CAD is also used for designing all types of buildings from small, residential apartments to hospitals, commercial complexes and industrial structures. CAD is an evidence of the pervasive effect of computers in the industrial world.
When it can manage designing and layout of products and constructions to perfection, its ubiquity can be understood. With CAD finding use in almost every field of knowledge it has become a foundation of modern digital technology. There is no doubt that CAD is at the root of modern drafting and designing tasks.
One of the ultimate goals of Computer Aided Design is to achieve fully automated design and optimization. The impetus behind most software applications is to eliminate or reduce repetitive manual tasks. Automated design optimization is the latest application used for reducing manual efforts and time, at the same time, increasing computational effort. An automatic design optimization scheme may actually need less computational effort compared to manual effort. The mathematical rigors on which the schemes are based are more efficient than a human-based solution.
The optimization process
With the advent of computers, optimization has become a part of computer-aided design activities. An optimization algorithm is a procedure which is executed iteratively by comparing various solutions till an optimum or a satisfactory solution is found. A simple optimal design is achieved by comparing a few alternative solutions to the problem. After checking the feasibility of a design solution, the underlying estimate of costs, profits etc. are considered and compared and the best solution is selected. This is the end of the process of CAD optimization.
A comparative study in outsourcing destinations
China follows India and it is the second largest software service provider in the world. China is taking special efforts to compete with India and rise to the topmost position. China too has cheap and well trained labour and is conducive for outsourcing. Malaysia is also among the top three options for outsourcing and is a major contender for IT, systems integration and BPO. However, it falls short when compared to India on account of less skilled people. Thailand also has cheap labour and attracts many countries for outsourcing business. However, the two main drawbacks of Thailand are lack of skilled labour and lack of political support. Brazil & Philippines offer cheap and skilled labour, conducive political atmosphere and the cooperation needed for outsourcing. The outsourcing potential in Brazil and Philippines has been realized and they will soon compete with India in CAD outsourcing.
To conclude, there are many good reasons that make India the best choice for outsourcing CAD software services.
- There are entrepreneurs in India who can invest in expensive software and certainly in CAD software.
- There are thousands of IT trained youth in India who are unemployed and find a good opportunity in working in BPOs.
- The people in India are hardworking and dedicated.
- Indians are prepared to work in shifts so that they can follow the work timings of other countries.
- Indians have a desire to learn. A little training in accent and English is sufficient for Indians to deal with foreigners.
- Digital India move of the Prime Minister promotes business related to IT.
- CAD services are in demand from countries like USA, UK and the Middle East.
- CAD Companies like DigitiseIT are leaders in offering superior CAD Services.
No wonder, India has emerged as a premier outsourcing destination for CAD services!!!